Adoption is a process of transferring legal rights from one parent to another. This is a lifetime commitment among “Adoption Triad” who are Birth Parents, Adopted People, and Adoptive Parents.

Specialization in this field focuses on bringing and placing children to be permanent legal element of another family. It is the advocacy of human development agencies whether public or private to place foster children for adoption to provide a child with love, nurturing and stability.

The social workers strategically assessed and organized the suitability of an adoptive parent to care for a child, to have a harmless environment and understand the distinct needs of the adoptee.

The eligibility to be an adopting parent may, however, vary on the existing law of each State. For example, in the State of Louisiana, Kentucky, Montana, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Washington, you must be 18 years of age before acquiring the eligibility to adopt. Some other States like Colorado, Delaware, and Oklahoma, the eligibility of prospective parents set to be 21 years of age. Georgia and Idaho set the age for 25. Some States also requires eligibility of residency to be 60 days to 1 year. In Connecticut, gays and lesbians can be an adoptive parent in consideration with the provisions of the State laws regarding prohibitions in discriminating sexual orientation. These are just some of the laws that involved adoption.

The Home Study Process

In each case the adoption will go through a public agency, family need to undergo an adoption home study. The home study program is a written report about family background, neighborhood, physical health, criminal references, financial statements, references and any other information that will help in the decision process of both adoptive family and social workers. This program may take three to six months to finish. This is to gather necessary documents, to answer several questions and state the reasons for adoption. Remember, the information needed for this report may vary from one state to another. Some other States may also require completion of a pre-adoption course through the State Child Welfare Department.

Once the adoptive parent was approved to adopt, the needs and suitability of the adoptive child will then be matched and place to an adoptive family with the supervision of the social worker. If both parties agree with the arrangement, the adoptive family may then retain an attorney with regards to the legality of adoption, provided, there was termination of birth parent’s legal right. The legal adoption procedure involves a single court hearing ceremony. The lawyer may charge between $800 and $2000 for the adoption proceedings.

People decide to adopt because of so many reasons. The most popular are infertility and child abuse. Remember, things are to consider before making decisions. It is essential to have a basic understanding of the adoption processes in order to manage the emotional, mental and spiritual awareness of the adoptive family members. Various foster care systems offer online adoption services to provide comprehensive information that will help before considering adoption.